A 20 gallon fish tank or aquarium is perfect for new aquarists; it’s large enough to have a nice selection of fish, yet small enough to maintain.
A tank of this size allows you to keep a wide variety of different fish, as well as some live plants and other inhabitants such as snails or shrimps.
With hundreds of different tanks available, the huge variety in types of fish you can keep and all the equipment available, how do you know where to start?
- Best Starter Kit: Tetra 20 Gallon Aquarium Kit
- Best 20 Gallon Aquarium: SeaClear Acrylic Aquarium
- Cube Aquarium: Coralife LED Biocube
What To Know About 20 Gallon Fish Tanks
1. Tetra 20 Gallon Complete Aquarium Kit w/ filter heater LED & plants
2. SeaClear Acrylic Aquarium Combo Set
3. Hagen HG Fluval Flex Aquarium 57L, 15gal, Black
4. GloFish Aquarium Kit Fish Tank
5. Marineland LED Light Hood for Aquariums
Whilst most beginners usually start with a 10 gallon tank, a 20 gallon aquarium is actually better suited for beginners.
These tanks are often sold as part of a tank kit, which makes it easier for beginners as they don’t need to worry about what other equipment is needed.
Most people don’t realize that the larger the tank, the easier it is to keep the water levels stable (a common problem most beginners have).
As well as making a great beginner aquarium tank, these tanks also make the perfect quarantine for separating new fish. Or they can be used as a hospital tank when you need to treat fish away from the community tank.
20 gallon tanks are also ideal for seasoned aquarists with years of experience – they can be used to set up small biotope tanks, or they might be used as breeding tanks due to their perfect size.
Most 20 gallon aquariums are longer in length than they are in height and width. The typical dimensions are 24(L) x 12(W) x 16” (H).
The two most common types of tanks are the above rectangular shape or a cube shape and they come in acrylic or glass.
Best 20 Gallon Fish Tanks
Best Starter Kit: Tetra 20 Gallon Aquarium Kit
This complete aquarium kit includes a 20 gallon aquarium, a hood with integrated led light, a heater and a filter.
It also includes four artificial plants which are great for beginners who would like to experience keeping fish before delving into the world of caring for live plants too.
All you need to do is add the gravel and the fish and you have a full set up – it doesn’t get much easier than this.
It comes complete with a lifetime warranty, and a few other crucial pieces of equipment such as a fishnet, aqua safe and tetramine sachets.
Aquarium Dimensions: 24.2″ x 12.4″ x 16.7″.
- Hinged hood for easy maintenance.
- Includes pretty much everything you need to get started.
- Lifetime Warranty.
- Quiet filter.
- Thermometer sticks on the outside of the tank.
- The plants are quite obviously artificial.
- Hood is slightly flimsy.
- The lights aren’t very bright.
Best Aquarium: SeaClear Acrylic Aquarium
This tank is available in a number of different sizes and shapes. The 20 gallon version is available both in a rectangular shape and a hexagonal shape.
It is an acrylic aquarium, which weighs half as much as a glass tank and is also much stronger. This means it is less prone to cracking or chipping and is ideal for families with young children.
SeaClear is one of the most well-known and reputable companies in the aquarium industry; so you can expect this tank to be the best quality.
The aquarium comes with a reflector and a 15″ light fixture, which makes this tank ideal for those people who want to choose all their own equipment.
Aquarium Dimensions: 24″ x 13″ x 16″.
- Lighter and stronger than glass aquariums.
- Made by SeaClear; one of the most reputable companies in the aquarium industry.
- Clearer and better view than glass tanks.
- Rounded corners – ideal safety feature.
- Main openings aren’t very big so can be difficult to feed fish.
- Flimsy plastic hood.
- Enclosed top makes it difficult to clean and maintain.
Most Affordable Aquarium: 20 Gallon Glass Aquarium
This simple 20 gallon aquarium provides you with the base you need to create your own setup. It gives you complete freedom over the quality of the equipment that you want to include.
You can choose to turn this into a high-quality aquarium by adding top of the range heaters and filters, or you can keep it simple if you’re just looking for a quarantine type tank set up.
It is a well-made, quality glass tank with a triple strength bottom. All the sides are joined together with silicone rubber, designed to last for years to come.
Aquarium Dimensions: 24″ x 12″ x 16″.
- Solid and sturdy tank.
- It allows you to add your own equipment.
- Excellent price for the quality of the tank.
- It can be used for multiple things, from keeping fish to reptiles.
- Silicone isn’t entirely uniform.
- You’ll need to find a hood that fits it.
- Some models are made with black silicone, some are made with clear silicone.
Cube Aquarium: Coralife LED Biocube
This tank is slightly different from the other options we’ve shown you here.
It comes with vibrant LED aquarium lighting which can be set to any one of the three settings; bright white, sparkling blue or color enhancing.
The lights also have a 24-hour timer and are set to automatically replicate the natural day cycle; with a 30-minute sunrise and sunset setting, and 60-minute moonrise and moonset setting.
It also has a built-in filtration system. This is a new style Biocube, and they’ve added an additional 2 inches to the height, making their new aquariums larger.
Aquarium Dimensions: 15″ x 16.8″ x 17.5″.
- Great lighting system.
- The new model creates more space.
- Inbuilt filter.
- Made from acrylic.
- Space for skimmer and UV sterilizer in the back compartment.
- Not as much width as rectangular aquariums.
- The fan inside the lid can be noisy.
- A small back compartment makes it tricky to changes sponges.
- Lights are suitable for plants that require more intense lighting.
20 Gallon Fish Tank Equipment
Pretty much every fish tank requires a filter, and there are a number of reasons filters are needed.
Their main job is to remove the debris from the water. Secondly, they help to aerate the water so that your fish can breathe.
And thirdly, they remove the buildup of toxins that have built up.
Your filter will need regular maintenance, and the media which you use in the filter will need replacing according to the manufacturer’s instructions. This is normally done every month or two.
Depending on the type of fish you want to keep, you might need a heater.
Generally, the speaker, there is a larger variety of fish available to you if you choose to go down the tropical tank route, using a heater to warm the water.
Aquarium lights have a number of purposes. They can help to show the colors of your fish, as well as light up the tank so you can spot problems easily.
However, the main reasons for needing lights in your tank is for your fish and plants; it helps regulate them and keep their conditions as similar to those they experience in the wild.
The type of lights that you need will depend on the type of fish and plants you want to keep. Some plants require more light than others.
For example, hornwort doesn’t require much light.
Most kits will come complete with a hood, but if you buy a tank on its own you’ll most likely need to find a hood to fit it.
A hood is necessary for most setups not only to stop any jumping fish (such as Killifish) escaping but also to prevent anything falling into the tank which shouldn’t be in there.
It’s also advisable to keep a hood on to stop too much water evaporation.
Other pieces of equipment that you need include:
- Decorations (Including live or artificial plants)
- A fishnet
- A gravel siphon
- An algae magnet
What Fish Can You Keep in a 20 Gallon Tank?
Research is the most important thing to do when it comes to stocking your tank.
You need to ensure that all the fish you want to include are compatible with each other, that they won’t grow too big for the tank and that they can all live in the same water conditions (pH and temperature).
The options really are endless as to what you can keep in a 20 gallon aquarium. Pretty much any small fish can be kept in a tank of this size.
We’ll give you a list of the best fish to keep in this tank, along with their size and some preferences.
- Guppies – grow up to 2.5″, most people choose to keep only male guppies due to their vibrant colors.
- Platies – active and fun fish that grow up to 2.5″. You should keep two females to every one male.
- Swordtails – grow up to 4″, peaceful in temperament but require lots of swimming space.
- Mollies – available in a range of colors, grow up to 3″ and are peaceful in temperament.
- Neon Tetras – only grow up to 1.25″, beautiful coloration and should be kept in schools of at least 6.
- Harlequin Rasbora – growing up to 2″ in size, these fish prefer to be kept in schools of around 8.
- Zebra Danio – these beautiful striped fish grow to 3″ and should be kept in groups of 6.
- Cory Catfish – this gentle bottom-dwelling species can grow up to around 2.5″.
- Dwarf Gouramis – these beautiful 2″ fish will add a splash of color to your aquarium.
20 Gallon Tank Setup Ideas
We mentioned briefly before how important it is to match fish together so that you can create the ideal environment.
For your ease, we’ve listed four setups ideas that would work well in a 20 gallon aquarium.
Option One: A Species Tank
Perhaps one of the most spectacular tanks you can keep is a species only tank.
This allows you to focus on the exact requirements for that particular species, and hopefully bring out their best colors and behaviors.
Some examples of species only tanks include Neon Tetras, Killifish and a Betta sorority tank.
Option Two: A Breeding Tank
As long as the species don’t grow much bigger than 3-4″, you can use your aquarium to set up a breeding tank.
Most livebearers breed relatively easily, examples include Guppies, Platies and Swordtails.
Option Three: A Peaceful Community Tank
If you want more variety in your tank, you could choose a number of small peaceful fish and create a community.
As long as all the fish you include thrive in the same conditions, you shouldn’t have any problems.
Some people choose to create a biotope tank, which is a tank that mimics a particular area or body of water.
Some examples of a community tank include:
- 3 Guppies, 2 Platies and 2 Mollies.
- 5 Neon Tetras, 5 Glowlight Tetras, and 3 Black Phantom Tetras.
You might also want to add some shrimps and/or snails to your community set up.
Option Four: Coldwater Tank
You really don’t have too many options if you want to set up a cold water aquarium.
One of the most popular cold-water fish is the goldfish, and there are a variety of fancy types available. However most of them require a minimum of 20 gallons per fish, so you’d be limited to having one goldfish.
How to Set Up a 20 Gal Fish Tank
Firstly, give your tank a thorough clean, either just with a cloth to remove dust if it’s a new one, or with white vinegar and hot water if it’s used.
Once your tank is clean, you need to decide exactly where your tank will be placed. Choose a level surface, away from windows and radiators.
Add the gravel to your tank, and put all your equipment in place (don’t turn any of your equipment on yet).
Place a bowl on top of the gravel, and start adding water to your tank, the bowl helps reduce the impact of the water on the gravel and stops it from moving around.
Once your tank is full, add the plants and any decorations. You can also turn your equipment on at this point.
Dechlorinate the water and add a bacteria starter (this is optional). Most people presume that if you add a bacteria start you can add fish in a day or two, this is not true.
You need to cycle the tank properly. This means letting a good bacteria bed establish (this will help take care of toxic compounds such as ammonia and nitrites).
This process can take anywhere up to 6 weeks.
To add your fish, float the bag in the water for 15-20 minutes, and then add a cupful of the tank water to the bag every 10 minutes.
Once the bag is full and they have adjusted to the temperature of the water, you can add the fish to your tank.
Which Is The Best 20 Gallon Fish Tank (Summary)?
The tank you choose will depend on what you’re looking for, your budget and the purpose of the tank.
If you want a relatively cheap complete kit set up, which you don’t have to put much thought into, then the Tetra is the right choice for you.
All of the tanks we’ve listed here would provide you with an ideal base to start your 20 gallon fish tank set up.
What type of set up do you plan on having in your 20 gallon aquarium? Let us know in the comments section below…